CVE Farming through Software Center – A group effort to flush out zero-day privilege escalations

Intro In this blog post we discuss a zero-day topic for finding privilege escalation vulnerabilities discovered by Ahmad Mahfouz. It abuses applications like Software Center, which are typically used in large-scale environments for automated software deployment performed on demand by regular (i.e. unprivileged) users. Since the topic resulted in a possible attack surface across many … Continue reading CVE Farming through Software Center – A group effort to flush out zero-day privilege escalations

Introducing pyCobaltHound – Let Cobalt Strike unleash the Hound

Introduction During our engagements, red team operators often find themselves operating within complex Active Directory environments. The question then becomes finding the needle in the haystack that allows the red team to further escalate and/or reach their objectives. Luckily, the security community has already come up with ways to assist operators in answering these questions, … Continue reading Introducing pyCobaltHound – Let Cobalt Strike unleash the Hound

MITRE ATT&CK turned purple – Part 1: Hijack execution flow

The MITRE ATT&CK framework is probably the most well-known framework in terms of adversary emulation and by extent, red teaming.It features numerous TTPs (Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures) and maps them to threat actors. Being familiar with this framework is not only benefiting the red team operations but the blue team operations as well! To create … Continue reading MITRE ATT&CK turned purple – Part 1: Hijack execution flow

What’s in a name? Thoughts on Red Team nomenclature

In my previous post, I promised to expand on the distinction between adversary emulation, adversary simulation, red teaming, and purple teaming, or at least how I tried to distinguish these terms in a way that made sense to me Emulation and simulation; I've heard both terms used interchangeably to refer to the same type of … Continue reading What’s in a name? Thoughts on Red Team nomenclature

Thoughts on the recent Red Team debate

Around the end of November 2019, Florian Roth wrote a much-discussed post about problems he saw with today’s red teaming. I considered writing a blog post to diverge some of my ideas and “respond” to his concerns. However, as is often the case with these types of things, I didn’t get to it at the … Continue reading Thoughts on the recent Red Team debate

The Rise of Adversary Emulation

In this blog post, we will discuss a fairly new concept that has been gaining a lot of traction recently: Adversary Emulation. Adversary emulation aims to test a network’s resilience against advanced attackers or advanced persistent threats (APTs). To do so, the adversary’s tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) are emulated along the cyber kill chain, … Continue reading The Rise of Adversary Emulation