As discussed in our first post in the series about our ICS firing range, we came to the conclusion that we had to build a lab ourselves. Now, this turned out to be a quite tricky task and in this blog post I am going to tell you why: which challenges we faced and which … Continue reading Building an ICS Firing Range – Part 2 (Defcon 29 ICS Village)
Introduction On September 7th 2021, Microsoft published customer guidance concerning CVE-2021-40444, an MSHTML Remote Code Execution Vulnerability: Microsoft is investigating reports of a remote code execution vulnerability in MSHTML that affects Microsoft Windows. Microsoft is aware of targeted attacks that attempt to exploit this vulnerability by using specially-crafted Microsoft Office documents.An attacker could craft a … Continue reading Kusto hunting query for CVE-2021-40444
In April 2021 we went through the anatomy of a Cobalt Strike stager and how some of its signature evasion techniques ended up being ineffective against detection technologies. In this blog post we will go one level deeper and focus on Metasploit, an often-used framework interoperable with Cobalt Strike. Throughout this blog post we will … Continue reading Anatomy and Disruption of Metasploit Shellcode
Introduction Many Android applications on the Google Play Store request a plethora of permissions to the user. In most cases, those permissions are actually required by the application to work properly, even if it is not always clear why, while other times they are plainly unnecessary for the application or are used for malicious purposes. … Continue reading How malicious applications abuse Android permissions
During our incident response engagements, we very frequently come across phishing lures set up to harvest as many credentials as possible, which will likely be sold afterwards or used in follow-up attacks against an organization (or both). While many of these credential harvesting attacks follow the same pattern, from time to time we stumble upon … Continue reading Credential harvesting and automated validation: a case study
An Incident in a Water Treatment Plant Beginning of this year, the supposed hack of a Water Treatment plant in Florida made some waves. While we often read about news-worthy hacks, this one stuck out due to the apparent simplicity of the compromise and the severe consequences it could have had. So, what had happened? … Continue reading Building an ICS Firing Range – Part 1 (Defcon 29 ICS Village)
As penetration testers, we sometimes have to perform web application security assessments from our customer's computers instead of our beloved machines. When this happens, we can face different challenges in order to have a working test setup. We will most probably have very limited permissions, which can block us from installing applications or modifying proxy … Continue reading Proxy managed by enterprise? No problem! Abusing PAC and the registry to get burpin’
During the first months of this year, Sander joined our 'Software Security AND Assessments' team as an intern and worked on writing Custom Beacon Object Files for the Cobalt Strike C2 framework. Below you can find how it all went!
Wi-Fi devices are affected by a series of new attacks on the Wi-Fi protocol, known as FragAttacks and released in May 2021. These attacks have complex requirements and impacts. We attempt to shed some light on those and provide some guidance for users, developers and asset owners (integrators or IT staff).
Establishing a Security Operation Center is a great way to reduce the risk of cyber attacks damaging your organization by detecting and investigating suspicious events derived from infrastructure and network data. In traditionally heavily regulated industries such as banking, the motivation to establish a SOC is often further complimented by a regulatory requirement. It is … Continue reading Going beyond traditional metrics: 3 key strategies to measuring your SOC performance